Research and cancer: what are the latest advances?

Cancer treatment research has become a challenge for all scientists worldwide. For this reason, some procedures have changed a lot recently due to technological progress. With the evolution of scientific and medical research, one out of two people with cancer can be cured. Here are some examples of these advances.

Digital imaging: a procedure for examining and monitoring the tumour

Digital imaging is one of the latest advances in cancer research. This technological equipment analyses the magnetic qualities of a constituent of the human body such as the hydrogen proton. This technology contributes to the development of real-time diagnostic techniques for cellular abnormalities. Digital imaging effectively detects the trace of a cancerous cell. It also assists surgeons in surgery and chemotherapy treatments. The examination procedures derived from cancer cells like digital imaging are scintigraphy and tomography. Scintigraphy is a method in which substances based on slightly radioactive iodine are injected into the body to find out how far the cancer has spread and how it has progressed. This iodine emits a gamma ray and binds to the bones. Tomography, on the other hand, is an imaging technique that offers a more detailed image of the body and identifies the existence of small metastases. The image can be vertical, horizontal or oblique.

Chemotherapy in tablet form: facilitating the treatment of cancer

Chemotherapy is administered intravenously. Thanks to pharmaceutical progress, cancer treatment can be carried out orally by means of tablets or capsules. It is possible to carry out chemotherapy at home without the presence of a doctor or nurse. Here, the patient can have less psychological pressure due to this oral absorption method. Patients undergoing chemotherapy treatments are freed from anxiety and pain due to the treatment. It should be noted that this oral method is already applied for certain cancer treatments such as colon cancer, breast cancer, brain cancer, lung cancer, skin cancer and lymphoma.

Targeted therapy: a revolutionary practice

In recent years, new drugs known as targeted therapy have emerged from advances in cancer research. These new drugs can slow down the progression of a tumour in the body. This method of precision medicine preserves healthy cells and blocks the spread of cancer cells. Targeted therapy is currently used to treat lung cancer, colorectal cancer, breast cancer, leukaemia and many others.

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